Quotations in scientific articles - what should you know?
The process of writing a scientific article does not pass without citing other scientific papers. Incorrect citations can lower the uniqueness of an article, and it can be considered plagiarism. What should you pay attention to in order to avoid mistakes at this stage?
1. What is a citation?
The concept of "citation" contains several definitions:
a fragment of a particular author's text;
parsing another scientific publication in the article;
visual elements: graphs, tables, charts.
Each citation in the text of a scientific article must be supported by a reference to the source listed in the bibliography. If citations are not properly formatted or there are no references to sources, the material may be rejected by the publication and considered plagiarism.
2. The most common types of citations in scientific articles
Citing foreign authors and scientific publications
When citing foreign resources, the text must be translated into the language of publication. If you are unsure of the quality of your translation, it is better to paraphrase.
In the bibliographic list, the title of the foreign publication is given in its original language.
Self-citation in scientific work
If you already have scholarly publications on relevant topics in your arsenal, you can cite them in your paper. This is also a method of directing readers to your previous research and popularizing it.
Self-citation should be consistent with the topic of the scientific study and complement it.
The citation of your research paper must also follow all the rules.
This type of citation is possible only at the stage of familiarization with the problems of scientific research and can be used only in the following cases:
- the original source is unavailable;
- the primary source is written in a language that is difficult to translate;
- the quote was retold by someone else.
Be sure to verify information from secondary sources for accuracy.
This method provides links only to primary sources with up-to-date information.
Resources must be official and publicly available.
3. Frequent citation errors
Lack of references in the bibliography;
no quotation marks;
over-saturation with quotations;
incorrect translation of the name or title of a foreign author's work,
use of false or irrelevant information;
visual elements are not supported by links.
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